Successful breastfeeding of postpartum women has been the focus of attention for many years. Many factors affect the delay of lactation or severely insufficient lactation, resulting in failure of breastfeeding. In this article, we performed simple breast massage and simple breast massage combined with a breast pump on the 300 women. The results are reported below.
1 Objects and methods
A total of 300 births from August 2013 to August 2014 were selected and randomly divided into 150 patients in the pure breast massage group, of which 84 were primiparas, 66 were postpartum women, aged 21 to 41 years, with an average age of 26.5 years; 150 patients with breast massage combined with breast pump, including 88 primiparous women and 62 perinatal women, aged 22 to 42 years, mean age 26. At 5 years old, there was no significant difference in parity and mean age between the two groups of mothers (P> 0.05). Patients in both groups were postpartum women, premature infants, neonatal asphyxia, neonatal ischemic hypoxic encephalopathy and maternal breast disease were excluded.
In the simple group, 150 patients received a simple breast massage on the parturient. Before the massage, the breasts could be hot-compressed with hot towels. The patient was placed in a supine position, the hands were washed and rubbed, the left hand was fixed on the breast, and the right hand was centered on the nipple. Gradually massage according to the distribution of the breasts; massage to whole milk, massage time 5 min per breast, 2 times /d. After massage, apply combined group, the maternal suction combined with breast pump based on breast massage, the manual massage is the same as the simple group, after the massage should be
Use a breast pump, adopt a comfortable position, point the nipple at the silicone, turn on the rotary switch, and gradually increase the suction, mainly to the patient’s tolerance.
1.3 Lactation standards
(1) At the time of lactation, the breasts of the mother have a feeling of fullness, and the pale yellow colostrum overflows when the nipple is squeezed. (2) Adequate breast milk standard, in order to hear the baby swallow when breastfeeding, the baby has enough urine volume (wet at least 6 diapers per day) and 1 soft stool, and the newborn’s physiological weight loss does not exceed 10% No need to add milk substitutes for sufficient breast milk .
1.4 Statistical methods
Using SPSS 0 The software count data was tested byχ2, and the measurement data was expressed by mean±standard deviation (x±s). The t test was used between the groups. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. 2 Results The postpartum lactation time, daily lactation volume, successful breastfeeding ratio, and nursing satisfaction of the patients in the combined group were better than those in the simple group (P <0.05), as shown in Table 1. Patients in both groups did not experience severe discomfort and adverse reactions due to manual massage or improper operation of the breast pump.
Breast milk is the healthiest, safest, and most economical food for newborns. Breast milk contains a variety of natural minerals and maternal immune substances. It has a high nutritional content and is not limited by time, place and environment. At the same time, breastfeeding can be significantly Reduce the incidence and development of maternal breast disease. Therefore, successful postpartum breastfeeding is of great significance to newborns. Manual breast massage is the earliest method for lactation. It has the advantages of safety, non-invasiveness, economy, and no discomfort. It is easier to be accepted by the mother. Impact. Breast pump is a tool to assist lactation and increase breast emptying in recent years. It is mainly used to imitate the sucking of newborns, increase breast milk excretion and increase lactation, prevent milk muck caused by acute mastitis, and at the same time, the nipple indentation Patients have a better therapeutic effect.
In summary, the manual massage combined with the use of a breast pump can effectively shorten the postpartum lactation time, increase the amount of lactation, increase the satisfaction of nursing, and increase the proportion of successful postpartum breastfeeding. Significantly improve the quality of life of newborns, reduce the financial burden on patients’ families, and is suitable for extensive application based on postpartum conditions of women.